We use the Present Simple for:
- routines: I walk to work every day. I get up at 7.
- permanent situations: I live in New York. I like music.
He / she / it + -s:
- Most verbs: live – lives, work – works, listen – listens
- Verbs ending with -ss, -sh, -ch, -o, -x: dress – dresses, finish – finishes, watch – watches, go – goes, relax – relaxes
- Verbs ending with a consonant + -y: study – studies, hurry – hurries, fly – flies
- Irregular verbs: have – has, do – does, be – am / is / are
Use and for extra information: She lives in London and works at a hospital.
Use but to show difference: I’m from America but I live in England.
AFFIRMATIVE & NEGATIVE
don’t = do not
doesn’t = does not
YES / NO QUESTIONS
– Yes, I / you / we / they do.
– No, I / you / we / they don’t.
– Yes, he / she / it does.
– No, he / she / it doesn’t.
SUBJECT & OBJECT PRONOUNS
Read the text and answer the questions below:
My name is Mary. I live with my mother and father in a flat. The flat is on the fifth floor of a tall building. It has fourteen floors and a car park in the basement. My father parks his car there.
Our flat is not in the centre of the city. It is three kilometers from the centre. My father works in the city, so he goes to work by train every day. He doesn’t drive his car. He uses his car only at weekends. Then he takes us into the country or to the beach.
Our flat has three bedrooms. My parents have a bedroom, and my brother and I have our own bedrooms too. We have a sitting room, a kitchen, a bathroom and a toilet. We don’t have a garden but we have a small balcony. In summer we often sit on the balcony because it gets very hot inside the flat. Our flat is small but we are very happy in it.
- Does Mary live in a flat? ______________
- Is the flat in the centre of the city? ______________
- Does Mary have her own bedroom? ______________
- Is the flat big? ______________
- Do Mary and her family sit on the balcony in summer? ______________
Related: “Subject & Object Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives”
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