Demonstrative Pronouns: This, That, These & Those

A pronoun is a word we can use instead of a noun or a noun phrase. For example, pencil is a noun, and a blue pencil is a noun phrase.

The pencil is blue.

In the sentence above the pencil is the subject. We can use a pronoun instead of it:

This is blue.

So, this is pronoun. To be more precise, this is a demonstrative pronoun.

There are 4 demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these and those.

Near Not near
Singular this /ðɪs/ that /ðæt/
Plural these /ðiːz/ those /ðəʊz/

We use this and these to talk about things/people near to us:

  • This is my cat.
  • These are my books.
  • This is my bed.
  • These are my parents.
man-coffee-cup-pen

This is my tablet.

We use that and those to talk about things/people not near to us:

  • That is my house.
  • Those are apple trees.
  • That is my friend.
  • Those are my teachers.
pexels-photo-551576

That is a rainbow.

We can use demonstrative pronouns before nouns. Then they become demonstrative adjectives:

  • This car is red.
  • That bicycle is new.
  • These people are my friends.
  • Those teachers work at my school.

Related: “Adjectives

PRACTICE

Exercise 1: Look at the pictures and make sentences with this and that (the answer key is here):

Screen Shot 2019-11-13 at 11.14.44.png

Screen Shot 2019-11-13 at 11.15.40.png

Tell your teacher about the color and the size of the things.

Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with this, that, these, those and a plural or singular noun:

Screen Shot 2019-11-13 at 11.27.56.png1. ___ ___ is red.

2. ___ ___ are green.

3. ___ ___ is fresh.

4. ___ ___ are fresh too.

5. I like ___ ___.

The answer key is here.

Materials used: “Oxford Grammar for Schools 1” by M.Moore

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