A pronoun is a word we can use instead of a noun or a noun phrase. For example, pencil is a noun, and a blue pencil is a noun phrase.
The pencil is blue.
In the sentence above the pencil is the subject. We can use a pronoun instead of it:
This is blue.
So, this is pronoun. To be more precise, this is a demonstrative pronoun.
There are 4 demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these and those.
|Singular||this /ðɪs/||that /ðæt/|
|Plural||these /ðiːz/||those /ðəʊz/|
We use this and these to talk about things/people near to us:
- This is my cat.
- These are my books.
- This is my bed.
- These are my parents.
We use that and those to talk about things/people not near to us:
- That is my house.
- Those are apple trees.
- That is my friend.
- Those are my teachers.
We can use demonstrative pronouns before nouns. Then they become demonstrative adjectives:
- This car is red.
- That bicycle is new.
- These people are my friends.
- Those teachers work at my school.
Exercise 1: Look at the pictures and make sentences with this and that (the answer key is here):
Tell your teacher about the color and the size of the things.
Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with this, that, these, those and a plural or singular noun:
1. ___ ___ is red.
2. ___ ___ are green.
3. ___ ___ is fresh.
4. ___ ___ are fresh too.
5. I like ___ ___.
The answer key is here.
Materials used: “Oxford Grammar for Schools 1” by M.Moore