Present Continuous Tense

We use the Present Continuous (to be + -ing) to talk about actions right now.

AFFIRMATIVE & NEGATIVE

I am (‘m)

am not (‘m not)

 

 

 

drinking water.

He

She

It

is (‘s)

is not (‘s not/isn’t)

You

We

They

are (‘re)

are not (‘re not/aren’t)

  • I’m cooking. I’m not cleaning.
  • He is sleeping. He is not studying.
  • We’re studying. We aren’t sleeping.

YES/NO QUESTIONS

Am I  

 

 

drinking water?

Is he

she

it

Are you

we

they

  • Am I listening?
  • Are you cooking?
  • Is it (computer) working?

WH-QUESTIONS

 

 

 

What

 

am I  

 

 

eating?

is he

she

it

are you

we

they

  • What are you doing?
  • Where am I going?
  • Why it she writing a letter?

SHORT ANSWERS

 

 

 

Yes,

I am
he

she

it

 

is

you

we

they

 

are

 

 

 

 

No,

I am not (‘m not)
he

she

it

 

is not (‘s not/isn’t)

you

we

they

 

are not (‘re not/aren’t)

  • Are you making salad? – Yes, I am.
  • Is your sister writing a book? – No, she isn’t.
  • Are your friends coming? – No, they aren’t.

SPELLING RULES

Most verbs: read → reading, cook → cooking, sleep → sleeping, walk → walking, work → working

Verbs ending with a consonant* + e: have → having, come → coming, write → writing

Verbs ending with a vowel** and a consonant: stop → stopping, run → running, swim → swimming, jog → jogging

* English consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Z, W and usually Y ⌈j⌋ (yacht, yoghurt, yo-yo)

** English vowels: A, E, I, O, U, and sometimes Y ⌈aɪ⌋ (sky, why, cry)

PRACTICE

Exercise 1: What are the people doing?

Screen Shot 2019-07-18 at 8.54.29.png

  1. to eat
  2. to drink
  3. to cook
  4. to read
  5. to study
  6. to teach
  7. to sing
  8. to sleep
  9. to swim
  10. to plant a flower
  11. to watch TV
  12. to listen to music
  13. to play cards
  14. to play baseball
  15. to play the piano

Exercise 2: Look at the pictures and complete the sentences:

Screen Shot 2019-07-18 at 8.59.16.png

  1. Sam ________ (to cook). He ________ (to have) a shower.
  2. Catherine and Ali ________ (to watch) TV. They ________ (to read).
  3. Antonio and Julia ________ (to cook). They ________ (to play) chess.
  4. Lucia ________ (to read) a book. She ________ (to play) chess.
  5. Julia ________ (to watch) TV. She ________ (to sleep).
  6. Mike and Tom ________ (to read). They ________ (to cook).

Answer the questions about the same people:

  1. Is Julia cooking?
  2. Are Mike and Tom playing chess?
  3. Is Lucia reading?
  4. Are Catherine and Ali watching television?
  5. Are Antonia and Julia cooking?
  6. Is Sam having a shower?

READING & LISTENING

Screen Shot 2019-07-18 at 9.06.44.pngThe Smith family is in the park today. The sun is shining and the birds are singing. It’s a beautiful summer day!

Mr. Smith is reading the newspaper. He reads business and finance news every day. Mrs. Smith is listening to the radio. She loves local radio programs. Annie and Mary Smith are studying. They love to study outside, for example in this park. Tommy Smith is playing the guitar. He is learning a new song. He is very good at music.

The family is very happy today.

 

 

Answer key:

Exercise 1: He is eating. 2. She is drinking. 3. He is cooking. 4. She is reading. 5. He is studying. 6. She is teaching. 7. He is singing. 8. She is sleeping. 9. He is swimming. 10. She is planting a flower. 11. He is watching TV. 12. She is listening to music. 13. She is playing cards. 14. He is playing baseball. 15. He is playing the piano.

Exercise 2: Part 1: 1. isn’t cooking, is having 2. are watching, aren’t reading 3. aren’t cooking, are playing 4. is reading, isn’t playing 5. isn’t watching, is sleeping 6. aren’t reading, are cooking Part 2: 1. no, she isn’t 2. no, they aren’t 3. yes, she is 4. yes, they are 5. no, they aren’t 6. yes, he is

Materials used: “Practical Grammar level 1” by D.Riley and G.Hughes, “New Side by Side international edition book 1” by S.J.Molinsky and B.Bliss

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