“The more colorful the food, the better. I try to add color to my diet, which means vegetables and fruits.”
Misty May-Treanor, a retired American professional beach volleyball player
- cauliflower (a head of cauliflower)
- brussels sprouts
- herbs (our post on herbs and spices is here)
- artichoke /ˈɑː(r)tɪˌtʃəʊk/
- corn (2 ears of corn; 2 corncobs; 2 cobs of corn)
- kidney bean(s)
- black bean(s)
- string bean(s)
- lima bean(s)
- pod (pea pod)
- I don’t have a bean (British English) – I have no money / I have very little money: I didn’t have a bean during college.
- Like two peas in a pod – used for saying that two people look, behave, or think exactly the same: They’re like two peas in a pod, of course they’re married!
- 19. tomato(es)
- 20. cucumber(s)
- 21. eggplant (aubergine /ˈəʊbə(r)ˌʒiːn/ – British English)
- 22. pepper(s)
- 23. potato(es)
- 24. yam
- 25. garlic (3 cloves of garlic; 3 garlic cloves)
- 26. pumpkin
- 27. zucchini /zʊˈkiːni/ (courgette /kɔː(r)ˈʒet/ – British English)
- 28. acorn squash
- 29. radish(es)
- 30. mushroom(s)
- 31. onion(s) /ˈʌnjən/
- 32. carrot(s)
- 33. beet(s) (beetroot – British English)
- 34. turnip
- hot potato – a sensitive situation or controversial issue that is difficult to handle and thus gets passed from one person to the next: Gun control is a political hot potato.
- to turn into a pumpkin – to have to return home or go to bed due to the late hour of the night: I turn into a pumpkin at 9:00.
- to spring up like mushrooms – to increase in number suddenly and rapidly: Even though I’m constantly tending to my garden, the weeds just spring up like mushrooms nonetheless.
- to know one’s onions (to know one’s stuff – American English) – to be very knowledgeable or skilled in some area: When it comes to wedding planning, she really knows her onions.
- Carrot and stick – a metaphor for the use of a combination of reward and punishment to induce a desired behavior: The approach must always include both carrot and stick – incentive and punishment.
- red as a beetroot (red as a beet – American English) – blushing, usually from embarrassment: I was red as a beetroot when they made me speak about my problems.
- to fall off the turnip truck – to be naive, ignorant, unsophisticated: He is behaving as if he just fell off the turnip truck.
FRUITS, BERRIES & NUTS
- (a bunch of) grapes
- apple (a – stem; b – core)
- orange (a – section; b – rind /raɪnd/)
- raspberries /ˈrɑːzbəriz/
- nectarine /ˈnektəriːn/
- an apple never falls far from the tree – said when someone is displaying traits or behaving in the same way as their relatives (especially parents): Mary is as rude as her mother. The apple never falls far from the tree.
- to mix/compare apples and oranges – to mix/compare two totally different things: You can’t compare your job as a nurse to mine as an engineer—that’s mixing apples and oranges!
- to hand sb. a lemon – to give/sell something to someone without revealing that the item is not a good as it seems: Considering how often that car breaks down, I think the dealership handed you a lemon.
- to go pear-shaped (British English) – to fail/fall apart: The whole thing has gone pear-shaped.
- 19. cherries
- 20. (a bunch of) bananas (a – peel/skin)
- 21. fig
- 22. prune /pruːn/ (dried plum)
- 23. date
- 24. raisin(s)
- 25. apricot
- 26. watermelon
- 27. cashew(s) /ˈkæʃuː/
- 28. peanut(s)
- 29. walnut(s)
- 30. hazelnut(s)
- 31. almond(s) /ˈɑːmənd/
- 32. chestnut(s)
- 33. avocado
- 34. plum
- 35. honeydew melon
- 36. cantaloupe /ˈkæntəluːp/ (a type of melon)
- 37. peach (a – pit; b – skin)
- the cherry on the cake – the final thing that makes something perfect: The fabulous weather on the day was the cherry on the cake.
- a bowl of cherries – an enjoyable experience: Life is not always a bowl of cherries.
- to slip on a banana skin/peel – to make a mistake (especially an embarrassing or silly one): Most of the nation would enjoy seeing mighty Manchester United slip on a banana skin in front of millions.
- cut your peaches – continue what you are doing: There’s no need for you to follow me around. Go cut your peaches.
- peaches and cream – a very enjoyable experience (usually used to describe something being unrealistically idyllic): Our company had a bit of a rocky start, but everything’s been peaches and cream for the last few months.
FRUIT or FRUITS?
If fruit is used as a countable noun, the plural form fruits is correct. Examples:
- I love bananas and other tropical fruits.
- My favorite fruits are apples, oranges, and peaches.
- Begin to buy whole-grain products and fresh fruits and vegetables.
- A meal is usually followed by fresh fruits or sweets.
Fruit can also be an uncountable noun. In this case it means a type of food, not various kinds of fruit:
- Fresh fruit (this type of food) and vegetables provide fiber and vitamins.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit (not fish, not meat but fruit) and vegetables.
- She always has a piece of fruit (
a fruit) for dessert.
- Fresh fruit (the focus is not on any particular kind of fruit but on fruit as a type of food) in the diet may protect against cancer.