Body Vocabulary

Body Vocabulary

“Take care of your body. It’s the only place you have to live.”

Jim Rohn. an American entrepreneur

Screen Shot 2018-11-01 at 11.43.431 – eyelash /ˈaɪˌlæʃ/

2 – eyelid /ˈaɪˌlɪd/

3 – pupil /ˈpjuːp(ə)l/

4 – nostril /ˈnɒstrəl/

5 – iris /ˈaɪrɪs/

Screen Shot 2018-11-01 at 11.44.19


6 – armpit /ˈɑː(r)mˌpɪt/

7 – vein /veɪn/

8 – thigh /θaɪ/

9 – shin /ʃɪn/

10 – sole /səʊl/

11 – calf /kɑːf/

12 – palm /pɑːm/

Screen Shot 2018-11-01 at 11.44.06


13 – knuckle /ˈnʌk(ə)l/

14 – artery /ˈɑː(r)təri/

15 – heart /hɑː(r)t/

16 – lung /lʌŋ/

17 – liver /ˈlɪvə(r)/

18 – kidney /ˈkɪdni/

Screen Shot 2018-11-01 at 11.44.11

19 – spine /spaɪn/

20 – skull /skʌl/

21 – ribs /rɪb/


  • Slim (thin in an attractive way). Mostly used about girls and women.
  • Slender (thin in an attractive or graceful way). Mostly used about girls and women.
  • Skinny (informal too thin and therefore not attractive). The word is usually disapproving.
  • Lean (thin and fit). Mostly used about men. Usually approving.
  • Plump (a little fat in an attractive way, with a soft, round body/part of the body). This is a more polite word than fat.
  • Chubby (a little fat in a pleasant way). Mostly used to describe babies and children.
  • Muscular /ˈmʌskjʊlə(r)(having large, strong muscles). Used approvingly, mostly about men.
  • Well-built (big, with a strong, solid body). Mostly used to describe men.
  • Stocky (short, with a strong, solid body). Mostly used to describe men.
  • Overweight /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈweɪt(too heavy and fat). This is less rude than fat. The opposite is underweight /ˌʌndə(r)ˈweɪt/.
  • Obese /əʊˈbiːs(extremely fat in a way that is dangerous to someone’s health). It’s a medical term, but it’s also used in everyday English.
  • Lanky (tall and with long, thin arms and legs, and not moving in an easy and graceful way). Mostly used to describe teenage boys.
  • Willowy (tall, thin and graceful). Mostly used to describe women.
  • Petite /pəˈtiːt(short and attractively thin). Mostly used to describe girls or women.


Parts of the body appear in some colloquial idiomatic adjectives describing various human states and characteristics. Note that all of the adjectives in the table are compound – they contain 2 words. You may find this article on compound adjectives interesting.

Word Meaning  Example
Tight-fisted not willing to spend or give much money; miserly /ˈmʌɪzəli/ Don’t ask him to lend you money. Everyone knows how tight-fisted he is.
Open-handed  generous She’s the most open-handed person I’ve known.
Hard-headed practical and realistic; not sentimental A businessman should be hard-headed.
Big-headed conceited /kənˈsiːtɪdor arrogant Don’t get big-headed when you become rich and famous.
Weak-kneed  feeling weak from fear or excitement She feels weak-kneed whenever he comes towards her.
Sharp-eared able to hear even very quiet sounds The sharp-eared detective was listening intently.
Tight-lipped  refusing to comment on something, especially to journalists The tight-lipped actress only got the journalists more curious.
Two-faced  dishonest about your feelings, thoughts, and beliefs I hate two-faced people.
Starry-eyed  naively enthusiastic or idealistic He’s just a starry-eyed dreamer.
Thick-skinned insensitive to criticism or insults She’s been in this business for many years and it has made her thick-skinned.
Heavy-hearted  very sad The rejections has made him heavy-hearted.

More body idioms are here.

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