Grammar Lesson Plan: Comparative Adjectives

Level: elementary

FORM

To make comparative adjectives:

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For most adjectives with 2 syllables use more + adjective:

  • This smartphone is more modern than my old one.
  • This singer is more famous.

For adjectives with 3 or 4 syllables we always use more + adjective:

  • This car is more expensive than that one.
  • This book is more interesting.

Exercise 1. Use the information to complete the sentences.

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Use the adjectives: near   expensive   warm   valuable   long   popular 

Example: Madrid is warmer than London.

  1. The Regal /ˈriː.ɡəl/ Hotel _____________________ the Park Hotel.
  2. In the UK, coffee _____________________.
  3. Heathrow Airport _____________________.
  4. The Toyota Prius _____________________.
  5. Sunflowers by Van Gogh /vænˈɡoʊ/ _____________________ Nympeas (Water Lilies) by Monet /mˈn/.

Exercise 2. Make the sentences true. 

  1. It’s warmer in London than in Madrid.
  2. It’s colder in Rome than in Moscow.
  3. A car is faster than a jet plane.
  4. A cheetah is slower than a tortoise.
  5. Five-star hotels are cheaper than four-star hotels.
  6. Bicycles are more expensive than cars.
  7. The Pacific Ocean is smaller than the Atlantic Ocean.
  8. A boat is bigger than a ship.

Exercise 3. Answer the questions.

  1. Which city is bigger: Tokyo or Helsinki?
  2. Which country is smaller: Canada or France?
  3. Which animal is more dangerous: a horse or a lion?
  4. Which is more useful: a computer or a coffee machine?
  5. Which do you like more: coffee or tea / cake or ice cream / summer or winter / cats or dogs?

Exercise 4. Compare the things/people/animals/buildings.

 

IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES

Some comparative adjectives are irregular:

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  • My exam results are worse than yours.
  • The Chinese restaurant is nice, but I think the food is better in the Italian one.
  • The flight to New York is longer because it’s further.
  • Tom is better (healthier) than he was before.

LESS

The opposite of more is less. We can use less with adjectives with 2 or more syllables:

  • Silver is less expensive than gold.
  • She is less famous than her sister.

We don’t use less with adjectives with only 1 syllable:

  • My mother is younger than my father.
  • This building is lower than that one.

Exercise 5. Complete the conversation with the correct words and phrases.

Use the adjectives: better   easier   further   more expensive   nicer   worse

A: Where shall we eat tonight? The Indian restaurant?

B: No, I think the Chinese place is _____________________.

A: I’m not sure. It’s _____________________ and I don’t have much money.

B: Well, we can try the Italian place. It isn’t expensive, and it’s very nice.

A: Yes, I know it’s nice, but the Italian restaurant is _____________________.

B: But it’s not very close to us. It’s _____________________ than the Italian restaurant – on the other side of town. What about the burger place near the library?

A: Oh, no. That place is terrible. It’s _____________________ than the others in every way!

B: It’s really difficult to decide! I know – let’s stay at home and phone for a pizza.

A: Great. That’s _____________________ than going out. We can eat in front of the TV and watch a DVD.

Exercise 6. Answer the questions. Give your reasons. 

  1. Which is better: eating out or eating in?
  2. Which is easier: living in a city or in the countryside?
  3. Which is more convenient: paying with cash or paying by credit card?
  4. Which is more exciting: reading a book or watching a film?
  5. Which is less interesting: going on a picnic or going fishing?
  6. Who is less famous in your country: Madonna or Jennifer Lopez?
  7. Which is tastier and which is healthier: hamburger or sushi?
  8. Which is less difficult: study or work?
  9. Which is less expensive: going to holiday by plane or by train?
  10. Which is better: a holiday by the sea or in the mountains?